Tapping the potential of water
Mozambique is among the world’s poorest countries, and is also vulnerable to climate change, experiencing recurrent droughts and flooding which undermine food security, livelihoods and public health. Mozambique has an installed power generation capacity of 2,827MW, however, demand for electricity from commercial and industrial customers is growing. . The Government of Mozambique (GoM) is therefore facing the dual challenge of mitigating and adapting to climate change while also increasing installed power generation capacity.
The GoM’s National Energy Strategy seeks to increase private sector involvement in the energy sector and promote new and renewable sources of energy. Approximately 60% of Mozambique’s power is currently supplied by the Cahora Bassa hydroelectric plant on the Zambezi River. The Government has however identified a further 100 sites with a collective hydropower potential of 15,000MW. Further increasing installed hydropower capacity has the dual advantage of supplying clean energy whilst also mitigating some of the worst effects of climate induced droughts and flooding.
InfraCo Africa, through its principal developer, eleQtra and in partnership with Tora Holding, will construct a dam and hydroelectric power plant on the Pungué River in the Sofala province of Central Mozambique. The Pavua project will be amongst Mozambique’s first renewables IPPs and will generate up to 160MW of electricity for the national grid.
Pavua has also been designed to dampen fluctuations in downstream water levels. It is anticipated that regulating river flow will mitigate flooding risk, reducing maximum flood levels and, during the dry season, , river flows could be increased to provide more water for domestic consumption and irrigation, and to reduce the devastating impact of saline intrusion on crop yields. The GoM named Pavua as a key project for ensuring water security in its recent water Master Plan for the City of Beira.
Following the devastation wrought by Cyclone Idai which hit the region in 2019, the sponsors have sought to undertake further studies to better understand the flood mitigation implications of the current design.
The holistic design of this project will deliver reliable energy without compromising efforts to tackle global emissions and while also improving the productivity and climate resilience of downstream agricultural economies.
Being jointly developed by eleQtra (on behalf of InfraCo Africa) and Tora Holding.